A phoenix is a mythical bird with a colorful plumage and a tail of gold and scarlet. It has a 500 to 1,000 year life-cycle, near the end of which it builds itself a nest of twigs that then ignites; both nest and bird burn fiercely and are reduced to ashes, from which a new, young phoenix or phoenix egg arises, reborn anew to live again. The new phoenix is destined to live as long as its old self. It is said that the bird's cry is that of a beautiful song. The phoenix is known by many different nations. Greek -Φοῖνιξ Arabic - العنقاء Persian - سيمرغ Chinese - ( fenghuang) 鳳凰 Japanese - ( fushichō) 不死鳥 Russian -Жар-Птица Christian writers justified their use of this myth because the word appears in Psalm 92:12 LXX Psalm 91:13
. However, it was the flourishing of Christian Hebraist interpretations of Job 29:18 that brought the Joban phoenix to life for Christian readers of the seventeenth century. The first modern Greek currency bore the name of phoenix. The constellation Phoenix, was introduced in the late 16th century by sailors organized by Petrus Plancius, probably one of Keyser or de Houtman and displayed on a globe from 1597 created by Hondius.
The phoenix is a mythical sacred firebird that originated in ancient Phoenician mythology (according to Sanchuniathon), Chinese mythology, Egyptian religion and later Greek mythology.